A byte stores an 8-bit unsigned number, from 0 to 255.
Corrections, suggestions, and new documentation are very welcomed. They can be contributed to the energia website repository on Github.
The text of the Energia getting started and reference guides are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. The Energia reference is based on the Wiring/Arduino reference. Code samples in the guide are released into the public domain.
Energia sketches are C/C++ based and compiled with the open-source compiler MSPGCC or arm-gcc-none-eabi. The Energia language comes from Wiring. The Energia environment is based on Processing and includes modifications made by Wiring and Arduino.