Shifts out a byte of data one bit at a time. Starts from either the most (i.e. the leftmost) or least (rightmost) significant bit. Each bit is written in turn to a data pin, after which a clock pin is pulsed (taken high, then low) to indicate that the bit is available.
Note: if you’re interfacing with a device that’s clocked by rising edges, you’ll need to make sure that the clock pin is low before the call to shiftOut(), e.g. with a call to digitalWrite(clockPin, LOW).
This is a software implementation; see also the SPI library, which provides a hardware implementation that is faster but works only on specific pins.
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, bitOrder, value)
dataPin: the pin on which to output each bit (int)
clockPin: the pin to toggle once the dataPin has been set to the correct value (int)
bitOrder: which order to shift out the bits; either MSBFIRST or LSBFIRST.
(Most Significant Bit First, or, Least Significant Bit First)
value: the data to shift out. (byte)
The dataPin and clockPin must already be configured as outputs by a call to pinMode().
shiftOut is currently written to output 1 byte (8 bits) so it requires a two step operation to output values larger than 255.
// Do this for MSBFIRST serial int data = 500; // shift out highbyte shiftOut(dataPin, clock, MSBFIRST, (data >> 8)); // shift out lowbyte shiftOut(data, clock, MSBFIRST, data); // Or do this for LSBFIRST serial data = 500; // shift out lowbyte shiftOut(dataPin, clock, LSBFIRST, data); // shift out highbyte shiftOut(dataPin, clock, LSBFIRST, (data >> 8));
Tutorial for using a shift register.