Examples > Strings

 

String Appending Operators

This example shows how to append strings together with different techniques.

Hardware Required

  • MSP-EXP430G2 LaunchPad

Relevant Groundwork

Just as you can concatenate Strings with other data objects using the StringAdditionOperator, you can also use the +=operator and the cconcat() method to append things to Strings. The += operator and the concat() method work the same way, it’s just a matter of which style you prefer. The two examples below illustrate both, and result in the same String:

  String stringOne = "A long integer: ";

  // using += to add a long variable to a string:
  stringOne += 123456789;

 

 

or

  String stringOne = "A long integer: ";

  // using concat() to add a long variable to a string:
  stringTwo.concat(123456789);

 

 

In both cases, stringOne equals “A long integer: 123456789”. Like the + operator, these operators are handy for assembling longer strings from a combination of data objects.

Circuit

Only LaunchPad is required for this example.

image developed using Fritzing. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page.

Schematic

Code Explanation

In the program , we first declare two strings. We then demonstrate various append examples.

Code

/*
  Appending to Strings using the += operator and concat()

 Examples of how to append different data types to strings

 created 27 July 2010
 modified 2 Apr 2012
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.
 */
String stringOne, stringTwo;

void setup() {
  // Open serial communications and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(9600);

  stringOne = String("Sensor ");
  stringTwo = String("value");
  // send an intro:
  Serial.println("\n\nAppending to a string:");
  Serial.println();
}

void loop() {
  Serial.println(stringOne);  // prints  "Sensor "

  // adding a string to a string:
  stringOne += stringTwo;
  Serial.println(stringOne);  // prints "Sensor value"

  // adding a constant string to a string:
  stringOne += " for input ";
  Serial.println(stringOne);  // prints "Sensor value for input"

  // adding a constant character to a string:
  stringOne += 'A';
  Serial.println(stringOne);   // prints "Sensor value for input A"

  // adding a constant integer to a string:
  stringOne += 0;
  Serial.println(stringOne);   // prints "Sensor value for input A0"

  // adding a constant string to a string:
  stringOne += ": ";
  Serial.println(stringOne);  // prints "Sensor value for input"

  // adding a variable integer to a string:
  stringOne += analogRead(A0);
  Serial.println(stringOne);   // prints "Sensor value for input A0: 456" or whatever analogRead(A0) is

  Serial.println("\n\nchanging the Strings' values");
  stringOne = "A long integer: ";
  stringTwo = "The millis(): ";

  // adding a constant long integer to a string:
  stringOne += 123456789;
  Serial.println(stringOne);   // prints "A long integer: 123456789"

  // using concat() to add a long variable to a string:
  stringTwo.concat(millis());
  Serial.println(stringTwo); // prints "The millis(): 43534" or whatever the value of the millis() is

  // do nothing while true:
  while(true);
}

Working Video

(Insert Video Here)

Try it out:

– Append multiple strings together and print to serial

 

See Also

 

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